- NORAD were not postured to "look outward", as General Richard Myers claimed?
- Payne Stewart's jet was intercepted very rapidly in 1999, a sharp contrast with the 9/11 performance?
- There's evidence that fighters normally intercept planes in 10 to 20 minutes?
- Dick Cheney was in charge of NORAD on 9/11?
- The many war games and exercises scheduled for 9/11 paralysed the air defence system, fatally delaying any military response to the hijackings?
- NORAD were alerted of the Flight 175 hijacking at 8:43, not 9:03, as the 9/11 Commission claimed?
- NORAD knew that Flight 77 was approaching Washington long before the 9/11 Commission Report claimed?
- There were fighters at Andrews AFB on 9/11, but NORAD chose not to use them?
- General Myers initial story was that no fighters were launched until after the Pentagon was hit?
9/11 Commission interview summaries
- Colonel Robert Marr
- Colonel Robert Marr, NEADS briefing
- Lt. Jeremy Powell, NEADS
- Lt Col Kevin Nasypany, NEADS MCC
- Lt Gen Rick Findley
- Don Arias/ Colonel Randy "Cat" Morris/ Lieutenant Colonel Steve Usher/ General Larry Arnold/ Major General Craig R. McKinley/ William A. Scott.
- MSgt Joe McCain
- General Eberhart
- Major James Fox
- SSgt Stacia Roundtree, NEADS
- TSgt Jeffrey LaMarche and TSgt Jeffrey Richmond
- Chief Master Sgt. Edward "Bill" Aires
- Sgt Steve Bianchi, NEADS
- Ken Merchant, joint exercise design manager for NORAD
- MCC-T Log is an essential timeline of 9/11 events
We agree with very little that the Loose Change creators have to say, but they do at least deserve praise for both securing the release of the full NORAD 9/11 tapes, and making them public immediately. These files reveal the actions and reactions of NORAD staff to the events of 9/11, as they happened. The audio is available elsewhere in torrent form, or you can download the individual files here (each ZIP archive contains a single WAV format audio file).
In April 2008 Government Attic received an FOIA release containing three further MP3 recordings: DRM1_DAT2_Channel_9_TT_Op.zip, DRM1_DAT2_Channel_11_ACWO_OP.zip and DRM1_DAT2_Channel_13_TT_Op.zip. We've added them here for completeness, but you really should go and see what else they have to offer.
ACWO: Aircraft Control and Warning Officer
AICC: Air Interceptor Communications Common
AST: Air Surveillance Technician
ID: ID Technician
MCC: Mission Crew Commander
SD: Senior Director
TT: Tracking Technician
Guide to who's on which channel:
- A 9/11 Commission file containing handwritten notes on the NORAD tapes
- A colour-coded transcript of part of the NORAD tapes
- A compilation of notes and partial transcripts of some of the NORAD tapes
- A 9/11 timeline based on CONR, NEADs and FAA transcripts
- Hijacking procedures in force from 31st June 1997 to 31st May 2001
- Hijacking procedures as changed on 1st June 2001
- A summary of NORAD exercises between 1998 and 2001 that involved hijackings. Caused some excitement for the news of a suicide hijacking exercise two days before 9/11, although this did not involve hijacking a US plane or flying it into a building
- Interesting comments on NORAD's timeline of 9/11 events
- NORAD chain of command explained
- The NEADS duty roster shows who was around on 9/11
- "Continental Air Defense - A Dedicated Force Is No Longer Needed" was a 1994 GAO report discussing the mission and future of NORAD